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Reconstructive Rhinoplasty: Operative Revision of Patients with Previous Autologous Costal Cartilage Grafts

Calvert, Jay W. M.D.; Patel, Anita C. M.D.; Daniel, Rollin K. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: May 2014 - Volume 133 - Issue 5 - p 1087–1096
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000000119
Cosmetic: Special Topic

Background: Costal cartilage grafts are used more frequently in secondary rhinoplasty. However, these procedures result in patients that require further revision operations that are not trivial. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of reconstructive rhinoplasty performed on patients with a history of prior secondary or tertiary rhinoplasty using autogenous costal cartilage grafts.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of tertiary rhinoplasty procedures. Outcomes of interest included the indications for the revision operation; revision rate following the tertiary costal cartilage revision; whether or not the use of costal cartilage grafts for the reconstructive rhinoplasty was a planned event; and perioperative incidents such as infection, structural collapse, and scarring requiring further surgery.

Results: Forty-six patients met inclusionary criteria. The revision rate following tertiary rhinoplasty performed by the primary author was found to be 24 percent (11 of 46). The reasons for these revision operations were nasal airway obstruction (n = 6), aesthetic dissatisfaction (n = 4), and infection (n = 1). Outcomes of the revisions were satisfactory, with no adverse complications requiring further surgery.

Conclusions: Reconstructive rhinoplasty may be required in patients who have undergone previous costal cartilage grafting for secondary rhinoplasty. These revision operations can be performed successfully to help patients achieve both improved function and aesthetic results but have a higher than usual revision rate themselves. The revisions of these operations can be managed with standard revision operations that result in satisfactory outcomes.


Beverly Hills, Calif.

From the ROX Center.

Received for publication August 11, 2012; accepted March 4, 2013.

Disclosure: The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.

Jay W. Calvert, M.D., 465 North Roxbury Drive, Suite 1001, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90210,

©2014American Society of Plastic Surgeons