After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Determine the need for operative treatment of metacarpal fractures. 2. Describe the position of immobilization for nonoperative treatment of fifth metacarpal fractures. 3. Assess the differences between intramedullary pinning and transverse pinning of displaced metacarpal fractures. 4. Compare the advantages of plating and pinning for treatment of displaced metacarpal fractures. 5. Recognize appropriate timing and treatment of open metacarpal fractures.
The body of evidence regarding the treatment of metacarpal fractures continues to grow. Conservative management, closed reduction with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation, intramedullary fixation, and open reduction and internal fixation with plates and/or screws are all accepted treatment modalities. The goal of this review is to highlight the most recent literature and the best evidence available for the management of metacarpal fractures.