Many techniques have been described for lower eyelid surgery, and the evolution of these procedures has seen significant advances, from simple skin excision to fat preservation and repositioning. Lower lid blepharoplasty can address lid-cheek junction and tear-trough deformities, which cause significant aesthetic concerns for patients, giving the appearance of fatigue and sadness. However, there is potential for serious functional and aesthetic complications, including dry eyes, scleral show, and ectropion. In addition, many surgeons perceive a steep learning curve and difficulty of reliably obtaining excellent cosmetic results. However, the authors have found that an extended lower blepharoplasty can significantly improve eyelid and midface contour, creating substantial aesthetic improvements without visible scars or an operated appearance. In this article, the authors review the relevant pathoanatomical causes of periorbital contour deformities and the evolution and history of lower eyelid surgery, and present the results of their extended blepharoplasty technique in over 300 patients.
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From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Rhode Island Hospital; and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
Received for publication April 3, 2013; accepted May 29, 2013.
Presented at the 44th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, in Boston, Massachusetts, May 6 through 11, 2011; and at the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, April 16 through 20, 2004.
Disclosure: The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.
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Patrick K. Sullivan, M.D., 235 Plain Street, Suite 502, Providence, R.I. 02905, firstname.lastname@example.org