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Prospective Outcome Study of 225 Cases of Breast Augmentation

Swanson, Eric M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: May 2013 - Volume 131 - Issue 5 - p 1158–1166
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e318287a0e1
Cosmetic: Original Articles
Press Release

Background: Despite the popularity of breast augmentation, limited information is available evaluating this procedure from the patient’s perspective. No existing studies assess patient-reported data prospectively in a large number of consecutive patients with a high inclusion rate, as required by evidence-based medicine. This prospective outcome study was undertaken to obtain this information.

Methods: Over a 5-year period, 281 consecutive women underwent breast augmentation performed by the author. In-person interviews were conducted at least 1 month after surgery among 225 women (response rate, 80.1 percent). All implants, predominantly saline-filled, were placed submuscularly using primarily inframammary incisions. Questions were asked in six categories: patient data, indications, recovery, results, complications, and psychological effects. A follow-up study evaluated subjective nipple numbness.

Results: The mean implant volume was approximately 390 cc. The mean pain rating was 5.9 on a scale of 1 to 10. The mean time off work was 6.6 days. The mean result rating was 9.3 on a scale of 1 to 10. Expectations were met or exceeded in 98.1 percent of patients. Satisfactory size was achieved in 85.5 percent of patients and satisfactory firmness was achieved in 75.7 percent. The reported complication rate was 10.2 percent. Breast self-consciousness decreased from 86.2 percent to 12.6 percent (p < 0.001). The result rating correlated with a low rate of complications (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Breast augmentation improves self-esteem (91.1 percent) and quality of life (64.3 percent). Nipple numbness is common (39.1 percent), but persistent numbness is unusual (2.3 percent). Almost all patients (98.7 percent) would repeat the surgery.


Leawood, Kan.

From the Swanson Center.

Received for publication October 19, 2012; accepted November 28, 2012.

Poster presentation at the 77th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, in Chicago, Illinois, October 31 through November 5, 2008.

Disclosure:The author has no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article. This study received no outside funding.

Eric Swanson, M.D., Swanson Center, 11413 Ash Street, Leawood, Kan. 66211

©2013American Society of Plastic Surgeons