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Ear Deformities, Otoplasty, and Ear Reconstruction

Thorne, Charles H. M.D.; Wilkes, Gordon M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: April 2012 - Volume 129 - Issue 4 - p 701e–716e
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182450d9f
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Learning Objectives: After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Evaluate patient's ears for needed adjustments to size, shape, prominence, and symmetry. 2. Identify common ear deformities and describe methods to repair them. 3. Avoid or manage common complications associated with otoplasty and ear reconstruction.

Summary: The essentials of otoplasty will be described/illustrated for the following conditions: Prominent ears, underdeveloped helical rims (shell ear), macrotia, Stahl's ear, constricted ear, cryptotia, and question mark ear.


Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; and New York, N.Y.

From the Institute for Reconstructive Sciences in Medicine, and the Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine.

Received for publication January 27, 2011; accepted October 4, 2011.

Disclosure:The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.

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Charles H. Thorne, M.D.; Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 812 Park Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10021-2759,

©2012American Society of Plastic Surgeons