Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Shaping the Breast in Aesthetic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery: An Easy Three-Step Principle

Blondeel, Phillip N. M.D., Ph.D.; Hijjawi, John M.D.; Depypere, Herman M.D., Ph.D.; Roche, Nathalie M.D.; Van Landuyt, Koenraad M.D., Ph.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: February 2009 - Volume 123 - Issue 2 - p 455-462
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181954cc1

Creating or recreating an aesthetically pleasing breast shape in reconstructive and aesthetic breast surgery is an act that most experienced “breast” surgeons will find self-evident. We propose a simple three-step philosophical and hands-on approach that will make it easier for young and unexperienced plastic surgeons to not only analyze the problematic breast but also come up with an easy surgical strategy to create reproducible results.

This is Part I of four parts describing the three-step principle being applied in reconstructive and aesthetic breast surgery. Part I explains how to analyze a problematic breast by understanding the three main anatomical features of a breast and how they interact: the footprint, the conus of the breast, and the skin envelope. Part II deals with reconstructions after complete mastectomy and Part III covers reconstruction after breast conservation surgery. Finally, Part IV applies the same principles in the field of aesthetic breast surgery. Throughout these four parts, the three-step principle will be the red line to fall back on to define the problem and to propose a solution.

Ghent, Belgium

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Division of Gynecological Oncology, University Hospital Ghent.

Received for publication April 27, 2008; accepted August 25, 2008.

Disclosure:None of the authors has a financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.

Phillip N. Blondeel, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 2K12C, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium,

©2009American Society of Plastic Surgeons