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One-Stage Mastopexy with Breast Augmentation: A Review of 321 Patients

Stevens, W Grant M.D.; Freeman, Mark E. M.D.; Stoker, David A. M.D.; Quardt, Suzanne M. M.D.; Cohen, Robert M.D.; Hirsch, Elliot M. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: November 2007 - Volume 120 - Issue 6 - p 1674-1679
doi: 10.1097/
Cosmetic: Original Articles

Background: One-stage mastopexy with breast augmentation is an increasingly popular procedure among patients. In the past 9 years, there has been a 506 percent increase in mastopexy procedures alone. Although some recommend a staged mastopexy and breast augmentation, there are currently no large studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of a one-stage procedure.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 321 consecutive patients who underwent one-stage mastopexy and breast augmentation. Data collected included the following: patient characteristics, implant information, operative technique, and postoperative results. Complication and revision rates were calculated to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the one-stage procedure.

Results: No severe complications were recorded over an average of 40 months’ follow-up. The most common complication was deflation of a saline implant (3.7 percent), followed by poor scarring (2.5 percent), recurrent ptosis (2.2 percent), and areola asymmetry (2.2 percent). Forty-seven patients (14.6 percent) underwent some form of revision surgery following the one-stage procedure. Thirty-five (10.9 percent) of these were for an implant-related issue, whereas 12 patients (3.7 percent) underwent a tissue-related revision. This 10.9 percent implant-related revision rate is less than a previously documented 13.2 percent 3-year reoperation rate for breast augmentation alone. The authors’ 3.7 percent tissue-related revision rate also compares favorably to an 8.6 percent revision surgery rate in patients who underwent mastopexy alone.

Conclusions: Although it has been stated that the risks of a one-stage procedure are more than additive, the results of our review suggest otherwise. Although a revision rate of 14.6 percent is significant, it is far from the 100 percent reoperation rate required for a staged procedure.

Marina del Rey and Los Angeles, Calif.

From Marina Plastic Surgery Associates and the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California.

Received for publication November 18, 2006; accepted February 27, 2007.

W. Grant Stevens, M.D., 4644 Lincoln Boulevard, Suite 552, Marina del Rey, Calif. 90292,

©2007American Society of Plastic Surgeons