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Vertical versus Wise Pattern Breast Reduction: Patient Satisfaction, Revision Rates, and Complications

Cruz-Korchin, Norma M.D.; Korchin, Leo D.D.S., M.S.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: November 2003 - Volume 112 - Issue 6 - p 1573-1578
doi: 10.1097/01.PRS.0000086736.61832.33
Original Articles

A prospective, randomized study was designed to compare the outcome of inferior pedicle/Wise pattern reduction (group I) with medial pedicle/vertical pattern reduction (group II) in moderate resections averaging 500 g per breast. There were 105 women in group I and 103 women in group II. All surgical procedures were performed by the same plastic surgeon. Patient information recorded included age, body mass index, type of surgery, weight of specimen, need for surgical revision, and complications. Six months postoperatively the patients were asked to complete a questionnaire, which rated their satisfaction with the surgical outcome. The questionnaire used a 10-point response format ranging from very disappointed (score of 1) to very pleased (score of 10). The results demonstrated that there was no significant difference between the groups in age (31 ± 12 versus 29 ± 13 years), body mass index (26 ± 4 versus 27 ± 5), and amount of tissue excised (553 ± 203 g versus 548 ± 205 g). Group I required no surgical revisions, but in group II revisions for dog-ears were required in 11 percent. The rate of other complications was similar in both groups. Patients’ evaluations of breast size, shape, symmetry, nipple sensation, symptom relief, ease of brassiere/clothing fitting, and overall satisfaction were not significantly different. The vertical mammaplasty was ranked significantly (p < 0.05) higher by patients in regard to scars (6 ± 2 versus 3 ± 3) and overall aesthetic results (8 ± 1 versus 6 ± 3). In the management of moderate macromastia, this study indicates that patients who have a vertical reduction are less disappointed with the scars but require a significantly higher rate of surgical revisions compared with patients who have a Wise pattern reduction.

San Juan, Puerto Rico

From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine.

Received for publication December 12, 2002;

revised February 12, 2003.

Norma Cruz-Korchin, M.D.

Division of Plastic Surgery

University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine

P.O. Box 365067

San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936-5067

Presented in part at the 70th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, in Orlando, Florida, November 3 to 7, 2001.

©2003American Society of Plastic Surgeons