Patients with submental fullness may not be candidates for a full or short-scar face lift because of medical contraindications, uncontrolled hypertension, a refractory nicotine habit, or anticoagulant medications, or patients may disqualify themselves because of cost, unavailable recovery time, or emotional resistance. Submental suction-assisted lipectomy has traditionally been reserved for younger patients. For older patients, suction-assisted lipectomy is typically used as an adjunct for face/neck lifts. This report describes experiences with suction-assisted lipectomy for older patients who were not face lift candidates, for the aforementioned reasons. The study goals were to better delineate the indications for submental suction-assisted lipectomy, as opposed to a face lift, and to obtain improved results with a less-invasive procedure. A 6-year study involving 132 patients (21 to 73 years of age), of whom 4.5 percent were men, was performed. Eighty-eight patients (67 percent), the primary focus of this study, were more than 40 years of age. Of those 88 patients, 24 patients (18 percent of the 132 patients in this series) were in their forties, 45 (34 percent) were in their fifties, 16 (12 percent) were in their sixties, and three (2.3 percent) were at least 70 years of age. The median follow-up time in this series was more than 1 year. The results were assessed with the five criteria for facial rejuvenation described by Ellenbogen and Karlin. All patients demonstrated improvement, with three to five of the Ellenbogen-Karlin neck rejuvenation criteria being met for each patient. All patients demonstrated an improved submandibular border, a more visible anterior sternocleidomastoid muscle border, and an improved neck angle (as determined with angle measurements). For many patients, all five of the Ellenbogen-Karlin criteria were met. A visible subhyoid depression and a visible thyroid cartilage bulge were the two criteria most often not met. A retrospective evaluation using Baker’s preoperative classification of patient types for short-scar face lifts was performed. Results for patients more than 64 years of age (11 patients) were less satisfactory, often with redundant or crepe paper-like skin. Submental suction-assisted lipectomy, as opposed to a face lift, was observed to be a reasonable alternative for older patients who were unable or unwilling to undergo a face lift. Localized fullness in the midline was observed to be the best predictor of a good outcome (even better than age or skin tone). A crepe paper appearance of the skin preoperatively was the best predictor of failure. The surgical anatomical features, technique, advantages, disadvantages, and principles are discussed. Complications and their treatment are addressed. It is concluded that submental suction-assisted lipectomy alone, without platysmaplasty, can be helpful for patients with submental fullness who are unsuitable candidates for a face lift and who accept the limitations of liposuction without platysmaplasty. Suction-assisted lipectomy can sufficiently contract and smooth the skin envelope for selected patients, with less consideration for age than previously proposed.