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Local Recurrence Risk after Skin-Sparing and Conventional Mastectomy: A 6-Year Follow-Up

Kroll, Stephen S. M.D.; Khoo, Andrew M.D.; Singletary, Eva S. M.D.; Ames, Frederick C. M.D.; Wang, Bao-Guang M.D., Ph.D.; Reece, Gregory P. M.D.; Miller, Michael J. M.D.; Evans, Gregory R. D. M.D.; Robb, Geoffrey L. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: August 1999 - Volume 104 - Issue 2 - p 421–425
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In this study, the records of all patients at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center with T1 or T2 breast cancer who were treated between March of 1986 and November of 1990 with mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction were reviewed for the presence of recurrent disease. Patients with in situ disease were not included. Patients were included in the study if a local recurrence occurred (regardless of the length of followup) or if a follow-up of 6 years or longer could be obtained. Patients were grouped according to the use or nonuse of skin-sparing mastectomy, by tumor stage, and by nuclear grade of the tumor. The series included 154 patients, of whom 114 had skin-sparing mastectomies and 40 had nonskin-sparing mastectomies. The local recurrence rate in the skin-sparing mastectomy group was 7.0 percent, whereas in the nonskin-sparing mastectomy group it was 7.5 percent. The sample size in the nonskin-sparing mastectomy group was too small for meaningful statistical analysis, but the data suggest that there is no clinically important difference in recurrence rates between the two groups. We conclude that the use of skin-sparing technique for early breast cancer patients does not significantly increase the risk of tumor recurrence after mastectomy. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 104: 421, 1999.)

Houston, Texas

Stephen S. Kroll, M.D

Department of Plastic Surgery, Box 62

The University of Texas

M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

1515 Holcombe Boulevard

Houston, Texas 77030

From the Departments of Plastic Surgery and Surgical Oncology at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. Received for publication August 5, 1998; revised January 11, 1999.

©1999American Society of Plastic Surgeons