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Strategy of Craniofacial Reconstruction after Resection of Spheno-orbital “en Plaque” Meningiomas

Gaillard, Stephane M.D.; Pellerin, Philippe M.D.; Dhellemmes, Patrick M.D.; Pertuzon, Bruno M.D.; Lejeune, Jean-Paul M.D.; Christiaens, Jean-Louis M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: October 1997 - Volume 100 - Issue 5 - p 1113–1120
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Surgical resection of spheno-orbital “en plaque” meningiomas should be as complete as possible to prevent tumor recurrence and therefore requires a bone reconstruction. We report a series of 20 patients operated on for spheno-orbital “en plaque” meningioma between 1981 and 1993. The surgical treatment included a resection of the involved dura and a wide resection of tumoral bone using a fronto-temporal craniotomy extended to the orbitozygomaticomalar bone ridge. The craniofacial reconstruction was performed in the same operative procedure using iliac bone autograft in 11 patients, internal cortical bone from the bone flap in 8 patients, and a coral graft in 1 patient.

The cosmetic result was scored according to the following criteria: superior frontal paralysis, appearance of the orbitomalar bone ridge, shape of the external temporal fossa, and projection of the eyeballs. The cosmetic result was scored as excellent or good in 17 patients, average in 2 patients, and poor in 1 patient.

The iliac bone autograft appeared to be the best material for craniofacial reconstruction because it could be modeled easily to the desired shape. However, the reconstruction technique was modified as necessary according to the extent of tumor removal, clinical presentation, and age of the patient. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 100: 1113, 1997.)

Lille, France

From the Departments of Neurosurgery, Plastic Surgery, and Neuroradiology at Hospital B. Received for publication August 2, 1996; revised December 2, 1996.

Stephane Gaillard, M.D.

Department of Neurosurgery

Hopital B, C.H.R. 2 Av. Oscar Lambret

59037 Lille Cedex, France

©1997American Society of Plastic Surgeons