A postoperative questionnaire was sent to all secondary rhytidectomy patients inquiring about their social and physical recovery time, complications related to either the initial or secondary surgery, and the onset of any new medical problems or the commencement of any new medications between the two surgeries. The overall satisfaction rates for both surgeries, time interval between the two operations, and their perception of the years of youthful appearance gained from either operation were also investigated.
The overall satisfaction rate was slightly higher for the secondary facial rhytidectomy (4.49) than for the primary rejuvenation of the face (3.97) (p < 0.06). Patients perceived themselves as looking an average of 9.31 years younger following primary surgery, as compared to an average of 10.19 years younger following the secondary rhytidectomy (p < 0.50). The average time interval between the primary and secondary rhytidectomy surgeries was 8.48 years (range = 1 to 16 years). Twenty-nine ancillary procedures were performed during the initial rhytidectomy and 70 ancillary procedures were selected during the secondary rhytidectomy (p< 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference for the physical and social recovery time between the two procedures.
Fourteen of 33 patients (42.4 percent) requiring a secondary rhytidectomy had developed a new medical problem prior to the second surgery (p < 0.001) and 19 patients (57.6 percent) were started on a new medication (p < 0.001).
It was concluded from this study that the secondary rhytidectomy patients are more inclined to be satisfied (approaching statistical significance), are more likely to undergo ancillary procedures, and, being 10 years older, are more prone to have medical problems with deleterious effects on surgery and to be on medications with potential ill effects. Also, observations have been made that the previous scars pose some limitations, with the anatomical changes from the previous surgeries often requring masterful planning and execution. Skin circulation is, in general, superior, enduring more tension. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 100: 1281, 1997.)
Cleveland, Ohio, and Vienna, Va.
From the Meridia Health System and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Received for publication November 20, 1996; revised February 14, 1997.
Bahman Guyuron, M.D.
29017 Cedar Road
Cleveland (Lyndhurst), Ohio 44124