In this study, we present our experience with balloon assisted endoscopic harvest of the latissimus dorsi muscle for extremity reconstruction. The balloon performs most of the dissection under the muscle and creates the optical work space used in the endoscopic dissection. Over the course of this series the operative time has been reduced and averaged 2 hours and 44 minutes. The reconstructive goals were met in all cases. The average axillary incision length was 5.6 cm, and there were an average of 1.3 onecentimeter or smaller counter incisions. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 100: 1161, 1997.)
New York, N.Y.
From The Center for Minimally Invasive Plastic Surgery, The Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center. Received for publication September 30, 1996; revised November 22, 1996.
Presented at the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, October 10, 1995.
Nolan S. Karp, M.D.
Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery
Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
New York University Medical Center
560 First Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10016