A more natural reconstructive procedure of the lower lip using bilateral vermilion flaps was applied in five patients with excellent results. The vermilion defects were about two-fifths to three-fifths. In three patients, the vermilion defect was repaired using bilateral vermilion flaps alone. In the remaining two patients, a narrow horizontal lip defect was repaired by bilateral vermilion flaps and a subcutaneous V-Y advancement flap of the lower lip.
A single vermilion flap or bilateral vermilion flaps are considered to be of great value for vermilion reconstruction because of the inherent elasticity and common anatomic unit. The postoperative scars are not remarkable at all. A long and narrow horizontal lip defect (perhaps within 1.5 cm downward from the vermilion border) may be effectively repaired by the combination of vermilion flap(s) and a V-Y advancement flap without sacrificing any additional healthy tissue.