Published Ahead-of-Print - Last Updated: August 09, 2018

The editors of this journal are pleased to offer electronic publication of accepted papers prior to print publication. These papers can be cited using the date of access and the unique DOI number. Any final changes in manuscripts will be made at the time of print publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue.

Disclaimer: Articles appearing in this Published Ahead-of-Print section have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in this journal and posted online before print publication. Articles appearing here may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Accordingly, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, the editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Published Ahead-of-Print Articles are available in PDF format only.


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What Should we do When HIV-Positive Children Fail First-Line Combination Antiretroviral Therapy? A Comparison of 4 ART Management Strategies

Patten, Gabriela; Schomaker, Michael; Davies, Mary-Ann; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: July 31, 2018

Viral Suppression in a Nationwide Sample of HIV-infected Children on Antiretroviral Therapy in Rwanda

Nsanzimana, Sabin; McArdle, Flannery; Remera, Eric; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: May 21, 2018

Multiplex Real-Time PCR Detection of Intestinal Protozoa in HIV-Infected Children in Malawi, Enterocytozoon Bieneusi is Common and Associated with Gastrointestinal Complaints and May Delay BMI (Nutritional Status) Recovery

Huibers, Minke H.W.; Moons, Peter; Maseko, Nelson; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: May 14, 2018

Infant HIV-Free Survival in the Era of Universal Antiretroviral Therapy for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women: A Community-Based Cohort Study from Rural Zambia

Chi, Benjamin H.; Mutale, Wilbroad; Winston, Jennifer; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 27, 2018

Financial Incentives for Pediatric HIV Testing in Kenya

Njuguna, Irene N.; Wagner, Anjuli D.; Omondi, Vincent O.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 24, 2018

Pharmacokinetics, Short Term Safety and Efficacy of the Approved Once-Daily Darunavir/r Dosing Regimen in HIV-Infected Children

Bastiaans, Diane E.T.; Geelen, Sibyl P.M.; Visser, Eline G.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 22, 2018

Longitudinal Changes in Body Composition by Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Among Perinatally HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Youth: Increased Risk of Adiposity Among HIV-Infected Female Youth

Sharma, Tanvi S.; Somarriba, Gabriel; Arheart, Kristopher L.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 22, 2018

Improved Neurodevelopment Following Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Children

Gómez, Laurén A.; Crowell, Claudia S.; Njuguna, Irene; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 12, 2018


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Positive Two-tiered Lyme Disease Serology is Uncommon in Asymptomatic Children Living in Endemic Areas of the U.S.

Garro, Aris; Bennett, Jonathan; Balamuth, Fran; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: July 31, 2018

Cardiac and Pulmonary Cystic Echinococcosis with Massive Obstruction of the Pulmonary Vessel System in a 16 Year Old Girl

Kohlmaier, Benno; Trobisch, Andreas; Pfurtscheller, Klaus; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: April 09, 2018

The Emergence of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Lymphadenitis in Children After the Discontinuation of Mandatory BCG Immunization in France

Lacroix, Adèle; Piau, Caroline; Lanotte, Philippe; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 21, 2018

High Incidence of Tuberculosis Infection in HIV-Exposed Children Exiting an Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Trial

Cranmer, Lisa M.; Draper, Heather R.; Mandalakas, Anna M.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 16, 2018

The Tracheal Microbiota in Patients with a Tracheostomy Before, During, and After an Acute Respiratory Infection

Pérez-Losada, Marcos; Graham, Robert J.; Coquillette, Madeline; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 16, 2018

Blood Culture and Pleural Fluid Culture Yields in Pediatric Empyema Patients – A Retrospective Review, 1996–2016

Stankey, Christina T.; Spaulding, Alicen B.; Doucette, Angela; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 12, 2018

Necrotizing Enterocolitis Cases Associated with Nosocomial Enterovirus Transmission in a Neonatal Unit

Kazali, Alidjinou Enagnon; Mouna, Lazrek; Isabelle, Schuffenecker; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: January 31, 2018

Biennial Pattern of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in The Netherlands and a Shifting Age Distribution Following a Low Rotavirus Season, 2010-2016

Verberk, Janneke D.M.; Pijnacker, Roan; Bruijning-Verhagen, Patricia; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: December 22, 2017


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Fatal P. jirovecii and Cytomegalovirus Infections in an Infant with Normal Trecs Count: Pitfalls of Newborn Screening for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

Mendez-Echevarria, Ana; Luis Ignacio, Gonzalez-Granado; Allende, Luis M.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: April 02, 2018


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Immunologic-Based Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis among Children Less Than 5 Years of Age Exposed and Unexposed to Tuberculosis in Tanzania: Implications for Tuberculosis Infection Screening

Said, Khadija; Hella, Jerry; Ruzegea, Mwajabu; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: June 27, 2018

Dissemination of the Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus Aureus Pediatric Clone (ST5-T002-IV-PVL+) as a Major Cause of Community Associated Staphylococcal Infections in Bedouin Children, Southern Israel

Rokney, Assaf; Baum, Moti; Ben-Shimol, Shalom; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: June 15, 2018

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, 2016: Clinical and Laboratory Findings

Mittal, Mahima; Bondre, Vijay; Murhekar, Manoj; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: May 09, 2018

Burden of Human Metapneumovirus and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections in Asthmatic Children

Furuta, Takashi; Hasegawa, Shunji; Mizutani, Makoto; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: May 04, 2018

Kingella kingae as the Main Cause of Septic Arthritis: Importance of Molecular Diagnosis

Hernández-Rupérez, María Belén; Suárez-Arrabal, María del Carmen; Villa-García, Ángel; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 31, 2018

Preoperative Illnesses in Children Do Not Increase the Risk of Complications After Hypospadias Repair

Dokter, Elisabeth MJ; Slikboer, Karen MA; van der Zanden, Loes FM; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 31, 2018

Antibiotic Overuse in Children with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

van Houten, Chantal B.; Naaktgeboren, Christiana; Buiteman, Brigitte J.M.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 29, 2018

Performance of Tuberculin Skin Tests and Interferon-γ Release Assays in Children Younger Than 5 years

Velasco-Arnaiz, Eneritz; Soriano-Arandes, Antoni; Latorre, Irene; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 23, 2018

Childhood Mortality After Mass Distribution of Azithromycin: A Secondary Analysis of The PRET Cluster-Randomized Trial in Niger

O’Brien, Kieran S.; Cotter, Sun Y.; Amza, Abdou; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 14, 2018

Effect of Co-Administration of Lidocaine on the Pain and Pharmacokinetics of Intramuscular Amikacin in Children with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A Randomized Crossover Trial

Garcia-Prats, Anthony J.; Rose, Penelope C.; Draper, Heather R.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: March 14, 2018

Infliximab Plus Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) Versus IVIG Alone as Initial Therapy in Children with Kawasaki Disease Presenting with Coronary Artery Lesions: Is Dual Therapy More Effective?

Jone, Pei-Ni; Anderson, Marsha S.; Mulvahill, Matthew J.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 15, 2018

Subtype-Specific Clinical Presentation, Medical Treatment and Family Impact of Influenza in Children One to Five Years of Age Treated in Outpatient Practices in Germany During Three Post-Pandemic Years, 2013-2015

Streng, Andrea; Prifert, Christiane; Weissbrich, Benedikt; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 05, 2018