Online First - Last Updated: February 06, 2019

The editors of this journal are pleased to offer electronic publication of accepted papers prior to print publication. These papers can be cited using the date of access and the unique DOI number. Any final changes in manuscripts will be made at the time of print publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue.

Disclaimer: Articles appearing in this Online First section have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in this journal and posted online before print publication. Articles appearing here may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Accordingly, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, the editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Online First Articles are available in PDF format only.


PDF Only


Rapid Influenza Testing in Infants and Children Younger Than 6 Years in Primary Care: Impact on Antibiotic Treatment and Use of Health Services

van Esso, Diego L.; Valente, Ana Marta; Vilà, Monica; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 05, 2019

Safety of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in Healthy Children 2 to 5 Years of Age

Kosek, Margaret N.; Peñataro-Yori, Pablo; Paredes-Olortegui, Maribel; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: December 10, 2018

Specimen Pooling as a Diagnostic Strategy for Microbiologic Confirmation in Children With Intrathoracic Tuberculosis

Walters, Elisabetta; van der Zalm, Marieke M.; Demers, Anne-Marie; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 09, 2018

Effects of Dual Sofosbuvir/Daclatasvir Therapy on Weight and Linear Growth in Adolescent Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Yakoot, Mostafa; El-Shabrawi, Mortada H.; AbdElgawad, Manal M.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 01, 2018

Utility of Clinical and Laboratory Decision Rules in Identifying Bacterial Meningitis Among Children With suspicion of Central Nervous System Infections in a Malaria-Endemic Area, Mbarara Uganda

Boum, Yap II; Nyehangane, Dan; Llosa, Augusto E.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: September 07, 2018

Positive Two-tiered Lyme Disease Serology is Uncommon in Asymptomatic Children Living in Endemic Areas of the U.S.

Garro, Aris; Bennett, Jonathan; Balamuth, Fran; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: July 31, 2018



PDF Only


Highly Sensitive Molecular Assay for Group A Streptococci Over-Identifies Carriers and May Impact Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship

Tanz, Robert R.; Ranniger, Elizabeth J.; Rippe, Jason L.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 06, 2019

RSVpredict: An Online Tool to Calculate the Likelihood of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children Hospitalized With Acute Respiratory Disease

Manuel, Britta; Hackbusch, Matthes; Tabatabai, Julia; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 04, 2019

Burden of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease and Mortality Risk Factors in Argentina: 18 Years Active Surveillance in a Children´s Hospital

Gentile, Angela; Lucion, María Florencia; Juarez, María del Valle; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: January 10, 2019

Clinical Course and Management of Dengue in Children Admitted to Hospital; A 5 Years Prospective Cohort Study in Jakarta, Indonesia

Karyanti, Mulya Rahma; Uiterwaal, Cuno S.P.M.; Hadinegoro, Sri Rezeki; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: January 09, 2019

Effect of High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation on Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Symptom Severity in Healthy Children

Hueniken, Katrina; Aglipay, Mary; Birken, Catherine S; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 05, 2018

Impact of Rapid On-Demand Molecular Diagnosis of Pediatric Seasonal Influenza on Laboratory Workflow and Testing Costs: A Retrospective Study

Brotons, Pedro; Nogueras, Maria-Mercedes; Valls, Ana; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 01, 2018

Clinical Characteristics of Infective Endocarditis in Children

Kelchtermans, Jelte; Grossar, Lorenz; Eyskens, Benedicte; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: October 19, 2018

Pediatric Candidemia Epidemiology and Morbidities: A Nationwide Cohort

Lausch, Karen Rokkedal; Dungu, Kia Hee Schultz; Callesen, Michael Thude; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: September 29, 2018

Priority Needs for Conducting Pandemic-Relevant Clinical Research With Children in Europe: A Consensus Study With Pediatric Clinician-Researchers

Gal, Micaela; Gobat, Nina; Francis, Nicholas A.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: September 25, 2018

Influenza-Associated Hospitalization in Children Younger Than Five Years of Age in Suzhou, China, 2011- 2016

Yu, Jia; Zhang, Xiyan; Shan, Wei; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: August 27, 2018

Characteristics and Outcomes of Young Children Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza or Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Ontario, Canada, 2009-2014

Buchan, Sarah A.; Chung, Hannah; Karnauchow, Timothy; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: August 27, 2018

Immunologic-Based Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis among Children Less Than 5 Years of Age Exposed and Unexposed to Tuberculosis in Tanzania: Implications for Tuberculosis Infection Screening

Said, Khadija; Hella, Jerry; Ruzegea, Mwajabu; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: June 27, 2018


PDF Only


Dengue Vaccine Booster in Healthy Adolescents and Adults in Latin America: Evaluation 4–5 Years Following a Primary Three-Dose Schedule

Coronel, Diana; García-Rivera, Enid J.; Rivera, Maribel; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: February 05, 2019


PDF Only


High Levels of HIV-1 Drug Resistance in Children Who Acquired HIV Infection Through Mother to Child Transmission in the Era of Option B+, Haiti, 2013-2014

Louis, Frantz Jean; Segaren, Nathanael; Desinor, Olbeg; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: December 27, 2018

Maternal Perinatal HIV Infection is Associated with Increased Infectious Morbidity in HIV-Exposed Uninfected Infants

Powis, Kathleen M.; Slogrove, Amy L.; Okorafor, Ibeawuchi; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 16, 2018

Predictors of Perinatal HIV Transmission Among Women Without Prior Antiretroviral Therapy in a Resource-Limited Setting: The BAN Study

Ewing, Alexander C.; Ellington, Sascha R.; Wiener, Jeffrey B.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: October 30, 2018

What Should we do When HIV-Positive Children Fail First-Line Combination Antiretroviral Therapy? A Comparison of 4 ART Management Strategies

Patten, Gabriela; Schomaker, Michael; Davies, Mary-Ann; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: July 31, 2018

Deceased Prevalence of Rheumatic Heart Disease Confirmed Among HIV Positive Youth

Hovis, Ian W.; Namuyonga, Judith; Kisitu, Grace P.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: July 31, 2018


PDF Only


Acceptability of a Novel Levofloxacin Dispersible Tablet Formulation in Young Children Exposed to Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Purchase, Susan E.; Garcia-Prats, Anthony J.; De Koker, Petra; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: December 13, 2018

Fatal Carbapenem Resistance Development in Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Under Meropenem Monotherapy, Caused by Mutations in the Oprd Outer Membrane Porin

Fluit, Ad C.; Rentenaar, Rob J.; Ekkelenkamp, Miquel B.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 13, 2018

Community Origins and Regional Differences Highlight Risk of Plasmid-Mediated Fluoroquinolone Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Infections in Children

Logan, Latania K.; Medernach, Rachel L.; Rispens, Jared R.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: September 29, 2018

A Multi-Centered Case-Case-Control Study of Factors Associated with Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Infections in Children and Young Adults

Logan, Latania K.; Nguyen, David C.; Scaggs Huang, Felicia A.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: August 30, 2018

Maintaining Concentration of Ribavirin in Cerebrospinal Fluid by a New Dosage Method; Three Cases of Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis Treated Using a Subcutaneous Continuous Infusion Pump

Miyazaki, Kyohei; Hashimoto, Koichi; Suyama, Kazuhide; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: August 27, 2018


PDF Only


Overestimation of an outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae in a neonatal intensive care unit in Germany, 2015

Steffen, Gyde; Pietsch, Michael; Kaase, Martin; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: December 13, 2018

Predictors of Poor Outcomes among Infants with Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Associated Acute Lower Respiratory Infection in Botswana

Patel, Sweta M.; Spees, Lisa; Smieja, Marek; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: December 05, 2018

Determinants of Influenza and Pertussis Vaccination Uptake in Pregnancy: A Multi-Centre Questionnaire Study of Pregnant Women and Healthcare Professionals

Wilcox, Christopher R.; Calvert, Anna; Metz, Jane; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 09, 2018

Is Polymerase Chain Reaction in Neonatal Dried Blood Spots Reliable for the Diagnosis of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection?

Vives-Oñós, Isabel; Codina-Grau, María Gema; Noguera-Julian, Antoni; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: September 07, 2018

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Neonates Prior to Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Use in South Africa: 2003 – 2008

Moodley, Krishnee; Coovadia, Yacoob Mahomed; Cohen, Cheryl; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: May 04, 2018


PDF Only



PDF Only



PDF Only



PDF Only


High Density Bacterial Nasal Carriage in Children is Transient and Associated With Respiratory Viral Infections – Implications for Transmission Dynamics

Thors, Valtyr; Christensen, Hannah; Morales-Aza, Begonia; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: November 27, 2018

Respiratory Microbiota Predicts Clinical Disease Course of Acute Otorrhea in Children With Tympanostomy Tubes

Man, Wing Ho; van Dongen, Thijs M.A.; Venekamp, Roderick P.; More

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. ., Post Acceptance: October 05, 2018


PDF Only



PDF Only



PDF Only