INSTRUCTIVE CASESA case of severe monkeypox virus disease in an American child: emerging infections and changing professional valuesANDERSON, MICHAEL G. JD, MD; FRENKEL, LAWRENCE D. MD; HOMANN, SCOTT MD; GUFFEY, JENNIFER MDAuthor Information From the Departments of Pediatrics (MGA, LDF), Microbiology (LDF, SH), Medicine (SH) and Family and Community Medicine (JG), University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford, Rockford, IL. Accepted for publication Aug. 28, 2003. Reprints not available. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: December 2003 - Volume 22 - Issue 12 - p 1093-1096 doi: 10.1097/01.inf.0000101821.61387.a5 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Monkeypox virus disease is a rare zoonosis that until recently was limited to Central Africa. We describe the clinical features of the third child in the United States reported with this newly emerging infection. This child was part of a large cluster of individuals in the Midwest infected by prairie dogs that had contracted the virus when housed with infected small mammals imported from Africa. The differential and laboratory diagnoses and the difficulty finding physicians and nurses to care for this patient are discussed. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.