ORIGINAL STUDIES: PDF OnlyMononucleosis caused by Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus in children a comparative study of 124 casesLAJO, ANA MD; BORQUE, CLEMENTINA MD; CASTILLO, FERNANDO DEL MD; MARTÍN-ANCEL, ANA MDAuthor Information From La Paz Children's Hospital. Autonoma University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: January 1994 - Volume 13 - Issue 1 - p 56-60 Buy Abstract We present 124 children who had mononucleosis. The patients were selected according to strict clinical features. Twenty (16.1%) of the 124 children were proved to have cytomegalovirus mononucleosis and 104 (83.8%) children had Epstein-Barr virus mononucleosis. The symptoms were similar in both groups. Significant differences were found only for the presence of cervical lymphadenopathy, which was more frequent in the Epstein-Barr group (83.2%) compared with the cytomegalovirus group (75%). Fever was the most frequent symptom in both groups. Cytomegalovirus mononucleosis was significantly more frequent in children younger than 4 years. © Williams & Wilkins 1994. All Rights Reserved.