The Streptococcus anginosus
group (SAG, S. anginosus
, S. intermedius
and S. constellatus
) are often associated with severe disease and abscess formation. In our institution, we observed an apparent increase in frequency of intraorbital and intracranial infections resulting from SAG at Texas Children’s Hospital. We undertook a retrospective review to describe the frequency and clinical features of these infections.
We reviewed the database of the microbiology laboratory at Texas Children’s Hospital from 2011 to 2018 for SAG-positive cultures. Cases included were those associated with (1) either otitis media or sinusitis
and (2) Pott’s puffy tumor, orbital abscesses, mastoiditis, epidural abscesses, subdural empyema, brain parenchymal abscesses or dural enhancement by imaging. The number of overall diagnoses were determined using diagnostic codes and used to estimate the proportion of disease caused by SAG.
Ninety-five cases were identified meeting inclusion criteria. The median age of patients was 11.4 years, and 75.8% were previously healthy. S. intermedius
was most commonly isolated (80%) followed by S. constellatus
(12.6%) and S. anginosus
(7.4%); 50.5% of cases were polymicrobial. Among polymicrobial cases, Staphylococcus aureus
was most frequently isolated. All patients underwent surgical intervention. 8.4% of patients experienced persistent neurologic deficits. We observed a significant increase in disease incidence during the study period; in addition, the overall proportion of all intracranial infections caused by SAG increased.
Complications of otitis media and sinusitis
caused by SAG are associated with substantial morbidity. These infections are becoming increasingly common at our center although the precise reason for this temporal trend is unclear.