Pulmonary disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria in healthy children is rare, and its pathogenesis is unknown in most cases and standardized treatment is lacking. Here, we report various endobronchial manifestations in 5 patients including hitherto undescribed diffuse tracheobronchial granulomas in 2 patients. Bronchoscopic debulking was performed in all patients and tuberculostatic treatment in 4. All patients including 1 without tuberculostatic treatment showed remission.
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From the Department of Pediatrics, Dr. von Hauner Children’s Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
Accepted for publication October 15, 2014.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
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Address for correspondence: Karl Reiter, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Dr. von Hauner Children’s Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Lindwurmstr. 4a, 80337 Munich, Germany. E-mail: email@example.com.