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High Incidence of Subcutaneous Emphysema in Children in a Somali Refugee Camp During Measles Outbreak

Moons, Peter MD; Thallinger, Monica MD, DTMH

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: January 2014 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 - p 96–98
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3182a6e1cd
Brief Reports

During an outbreak of measles in a refugee camp in Ethiopia, 9 patients (age range 4 months to 18 years) were diagnosed with subcutaneous emphysema. Incidence of this rare complication of measles in this refugee camp was higher than previously reported. We hypothesize that the high incidence is most likely related to poor physical state of the refugee population with high rates of malnutrition

From the Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Accepted for publication June 24, 2013.

This case series met the requirements of the MSF ethical review board for retrospective review of routinely collected data.

Both authors reviewed patient data and contributed to design and writing of the report. P.M. performed a background literature search and reviewed the data. M.T. abstracted clinical patient data. The authors have no other funding or conflicts of interest to disclose

Address for correspondence: Peter Moons, MD, Médecins Sans Frontières, Plantage Middenlaan 14, P.O. Box 10014, 1001 EA Amsterdam. E-mail:

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.