Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis is a rare fulminant opportunistic fungal infection that particularly occurs in immunocompromised patients. We present a case of fatal invasive rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis complicated by bilateral thrombotic occlusion of the internal carotid artery with consequent cerebral infarction in a 5-year-old boy after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute pre–B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia
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From the Departments of *Neurology, †Diagnostic Imaging and ‡Immunology, University Children’s Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Accepted for publication May 29, 2013.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
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Address for correspondence: Barbara Plecko, MD, University Children’s Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH-8032 Zurich, Switzerland. E-mail: Barbara.Plecko@kispi.uzh.ch.