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Staphylococcus aureus Infections in HIV-positive Children and Adolescents

McNeil, J. Chase MD*; Hulten, Kristina G. PhD*; Kaplan, Sheldon L. MD*; Schwarzwald, Heidi L. MD; Mason, Edward O. PhD*

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: March 2012 - Volume 31 - Issue 3 - p 284–286
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318239c1fe
HIV Reports

Abstract: A retrospective case-control study was undertaken among patients followed at the Texas Children's Hospital Retrovirology Clinic to determine the risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus infection. A total of 28 episodes of S. aureus infection were identified from 20 patients. Case patients had more advanced HIV disease as measured by CD4 T-cell counts, log10 human immunodeficiency viral load, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention category of disease, than controls.

From the *Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; and †Section of Retrovirology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Accepted for publication September 26, 2011.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: Supported in part by an investigator-initiated grant from Pfizer (to S.L.K.). The authors have no other funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Address for correspondence: J. Chase McNeil, MD, Texas Children's Hospital, 1102 Bates St, Ste 1150, Houston, TX 77030. E-mail:

© 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.