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Effectiveness of the Test of Infant Motor Performance as an Educational Tool for Mothers

Goldstein, Lou Ann PT, MS, PCS; Campbell, Suzann K. PT, PhD, FAPTA

doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181729de8
Research Report

Purpose: To determine if the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) could be used as an educational tool for mothers; if learning is dependent on the format used or the tester; and if mothers could retain information provided on motor development of infants born prematurely over a short period of time.

Method: Twenty-eight mother-infant pairs were assigned to either a pictorial format group or a text-only format group. Mothers completed a survey before and after observing 1 of 2 therapists perform the TIMP on their infant.

Results: A 2-way analysis of variance showed a significant improvement in the mother’s survey scores from the pretest to the post-test (p < 0.0001). Tester and format did not produced significant differences in mother’s scores. On a follow-up telephone call 91% recalled activities to help their infant’s development.

Conclusion: The TIMP was shown to be effective for educating mothers about infant motor development.

This study demonstrates how the TIMP can be used as an effective educational tool to teach mothers about infant motor development.

Physical Therapy Department, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Additional material related to this article can be found on the Pediatric Physical Therapy Web site. Go to

Address correspondence to: Lou Ann Goldstein, PT, MS, PCS, University of Chicago Medical Center, Therapy Services MC 1081, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. E-mail:

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.