Physical Fitness Among Adolescents Who are Hispanic With Overweight or Obesity : Pediatric Physical Therapy

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Physical Fitness Among Adolescents Who are Hispanic With Overweight or Obesity

Benzo, Roberto M. PhD; St. George, Sara M. PhD; Messiah, Sarah E. PhD, MPH; Lovan, Padideh PhD, RD; Leite, Rafael MS; Patel, Anmol BS; Lee, Tae K. PhD; Prado, Guillermo J. PhD

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Pediatric Physical Therapy 35(2):p 252-258, April 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000997



To describe cardiorespiratory, strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility fitness outcomes in a sample of adolescents who are Hispanic aged 11 to 15 years with overweight or obesity, stratified by age and sex.


The sample included 280 adolescents (mean age: 13.0 ± 0.83 years, mean body mass index percentile: 94.6). Anthropometric measures included height, weight, body mass index percentile, and waist and hip circumference. Fitness measures included handgrip strength, sit-ups in 60 seconds, sit-and-reach test, and 6-minute walk test. We report mean scores for each fitness outcome measure and correlation coefficients with anthropometric measures.


Mean handgrip was 23.7 ± 6.48 kg, sit-and-reach test was 25.3 ± 8.13 cm, average sit-ups in 60 seconds were 19.4 ± 9.28, and 6-minute walk distance was 1960 ± 271 ft. Males outperformed females in all tests except sit-and-reach test.


Compared with published fitness values of healthy weight adolescents, our sample of adolescents who are Hispanic with overweight/obesity living in southern Florida is unconditioned in terms of cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility.

© 2023 Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy of the American Physical Therapy Association

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