The aim of this study was to define the movement characteristics and postures of infants with obstetric brachial plexus lesion.
The study group included 20 infants with obstetric brachial plexus lesion and a control group of 20 infants with normal neurological outcome, aged 9 to 17 weeks postterm. Infants were evaluated by global and detailed general movements assessment.
There were no significant differences between the motor optimality scores of the 2 groups. However, there were some differences in terms of concurrent movements and the posture. Infants with obstetric brachial plexus lesion demonstrated more excitement bursts, head rotation, hand-knee contact, rolling, and few finger posture and postural asymmetry, and performed jerky movements when compared with the control group.
Obstetric brachial plexus lesion did not affect the quality of fidgety movements of the infants but leads to compensatory movements in concurrent movements on the unaffected sides.