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Zika Virus After Emergency Response

Can the ICF Guide Rehabilitation of Children With Microcephaly?

Longo, Egmar PhD; de Campos, Ana Carolina PhD; Schiariti, Veronica PhD

doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000647
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The outbreak of Zika in Brazil almost 3 years ago had harmful medical, financial, and social consequences for children and their families. It also significantly increased the statistics of Brazilian children with disabilities being followed up in rehabilitation centers. Actions promoting the use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework are encouraged in view of the complex health needs identified in this population, which cover all areas of functioning, and gain special relevance when it comes to a vulnerable context. This perspective article discusses the challenges related to the implementation of the ICF in rehabilitation services for children with congenital syndrome.

This perspective paper discusses the challenges related to the implementation of the ICF in rehabilitation services for children with congenital syndrome of zika virus in a low and middle-income country, provides information on which aspects to consider, and encourages the expansion of successful initiatives using the ICF in Brazil.

Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences and in Collective Health (Dr Longo), Faculty of Health Sciences of Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Cruz, Brazil; Graduate Program in Physical Therapy (Dr de Campos), Department of Physiotherapy, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, Brazil; and Division of Medical Sciences (Dr Schiariti), University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Correspondence: Egmar Longo, PhD, Faculty of Health Sciences of Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Cruz 59200, Brazil (egmarlongo@yahoo.es).

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2019 Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy of the American Physical Therapy Association