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Preliminary Aquatic Physical Therapy Core Sets for Children and Youth With Neurological Disorders

A Consensus Process

Güeita-Rodríguez, Javier PT, PhD; García-Muro, Francisco PT, PhD; Rodríguez-Fernández, Ángel L. PT, PhD; Cano-Díez, Beatriz PT, PhD; Chávez-Santacruz, David PT; Palacios-Ceña, Domingo RN, PhD

doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000624
RESEARCH REPORTS
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Purpose: To report on the preliminary aquatic physical therapy core sets for children and youth with neurological disorders using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-children and youth version.

Methods: A formal and structured consensus process was developed, integrating the findings of preparatory studies: a systematic literature review, expert survey with 69 participants, and a qualitative study with 43 participants.

Results: Five preliminary aquatic physical therapy core sets were described: a Comprehensive Core Set (64 categories); a Common Brief (13 categories); and 3 age-specific Core Sets: infant (below 6 years, 18 categories), school-age (from 6 to <14 years, 22 categories), and youth (from 14 to 18 years, 19 categories).

Conclusions: Consensus among aquatic physical therapists' expert opinions identified the relevant intervention categories available when treating children and youth with neurological disorders. This list of intervention categories can be used in practice, research, education, and health administration.

This is a report on the preliminary aquatic physical therapy core sets for children and youth with neurological disorders using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health children and youth version.

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine (Drs Güeita-Rodríguez and Palacios-Ceña and Mr Chávez-Santacruz), Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain; Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy (Drs García-Muro, Rodríguez-Fernández, and Cano-Díez), School of Medicine, CEU-San Pablo University, Madrid, Spain; Research Group of Humanities and Qualitative Research in Health Science of Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (Drs Güeita-Rodríguez and Palacios-Ceña), Madrid, Spain.

Correspondence: Javier Güeita-Rodríguez, PT, PhD, Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain (javier.gueita@urjc.es).

Grant Support: This study was supported by a research award grant from the Colegio Profesional de Fisioterapeutas de Madrid (CPFM).

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2019 Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy of the American Physical Therapy Association