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School-Based Work Capacity Evaluation in Young People With Intellectual Disabilities: 2 Case Reports

Johnson, Connie C. PT, DScPT, PCS; Rose, Deborah S. PT, DPT, PCS

doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000367
Case Reports

Purpose: These case reports examine the application of a work capacity/work-hardening model to increase work capacity in young people with disabilities.

Key points: Examination, evaluation, interventions, and outcomes are described for 2 teenagers with intellectual disability. This approach is novel in that it uses functional capacity evaluation concepts used in ergonomic/occupational health contexts and applies them to youth with disabilities in educational settings.

Conclusion: These concepts expand the scope of practice for physical therapists in school settings and potentially increase work opportunities for youth with disabilities.

This case report features 2 cases of assessing work capacity and task analysis specifically in youth with intellectual disabilities while designing an age and developmentally appropriate intervention to improve work task performance.

Department of Occupational and Physical Therapy, Fairfax County Public Schools, Falls Church, Virginia.

Correspondence: Connie C. Johnson, PT, DScPT, PCS, 14516 South Hills Court, Centreville, VA 20120 (

The authors declare no conflicts of interest

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. and Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association. All rights reserved.