The purpose of this case report is to describe the occurrence of transient dystonia in an infant with a history of prenatal drug exposure. Although the term transient dystonia has been used repeatedly in reports describing infants of low birth weight, this terminology has not been specifically used in describing infants at risk for neurological problems because of prenatal drug or alcohol exposure. The male infant who was the subject in this case report outgrew what had seemed to be cerebral palsy during his first year of life but went on to develop borderline cognitive delays, expressive speech delays, and behavioral problems as a toddler. Physical therapists should be aware of the possibility of encountering transient neurological signs in infants with histories of prenatal drug exposure.
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