*Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR
†Department of Orthopedic Surgery, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth Houston, Houston
∥Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Children’s Medical Center, Austin, TX
‡University of Utah Department of Orthopaedics, Salt Lake City, UT
§Department of Orthopedics, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH
¶Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, CA
Approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the study universities for a retrospective chart review. This study was performed in accordance with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and US HIPAA regulations.
None of the authors received financial support for this study.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Reprints: Matthew Halsey, MD, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 Sam Jackson Park Road L597, Portland, OR 97239. E-mail: [email protected].