The study sought to evaluate the utility of a single supine radiograph in determining curve flexibility in early-onset scoliosis (EOS) patients.
EOS patients with upright (standing/seated), supine, and side-bending radiographs who underwent spinal deformity surgery were identified. Coronal parameters included: proximal thoracic (PT) curve, main thoracic (MT) curve, and thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve. Each radiograph was measured twice by 2 different raters. Correlation coefficients were utilized to investigate associations between the different radiographs. Interrater Correlation Coefficient (ICC) assessed intrarater and interrater reliability.
Thirty-seven EOS patients were identified (age at diagnosis: 7.0±2.9 y, preoperative age: 13.0±2.9 y; 73% female; etiologies: 54% idiopathic, 30% syndromic, and 16% neuromuscular). Supine PT and MT curve measurements were highly associated with corresponding side-bending measurements (PT: r=0.75, P<0.001; MT: r=0.80, P<0.001), and TL/L curves were very highly associated (TL/L: r=0.92, P<0.001). The mean absolute differences between supine and side-bending measurements were PT: 11.3±7.8 degrees, MT: 14.8±8.3 degrees, and TL/L: 16.2±7.6 degrees, where the side-bending was on average smaller than the supine measurement. The intrarater reliabilities were excellent, with an ICC ranging from 0.93 to 0.96 for side-bending films and 0.94 to 0.97 for supine films. The interrater reliability was excellent with ICC value of 0.88 for side-bending films and 0.93 for supine films.
A single, preoperative supine radiograph was highly predictive of side-bending radiographs in patients with EOS. Supine curves measured an average of 15 degrees larger than bending curves in the MT and TL/L region. A single supine film may eliminate the need for effort-related, dual side-bending radiographs.
Level of Evidence:
Level II—retrospective study.