Bilateral hip reconstructions with osteotomies are commonly required in patients with severe cerebral palsy (CP) and dysplasia. These procedures can be performed by staging each hip surgery, separated by weeks to months, or by addressing both hips in a single-event surgery. The optimal timing of such surgery is yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare major complications between the staged and single-event approaches.
Medical records of patients who underwent bilateral hip osteotomies, with at least one side including a pelvic osteotomy, were retrospectively reviewed. Subjects were identified who had a diagnosis of nonambulatory CP (defined by Gross Motor and Functional Classification System level IV or V), and at least 1 year of clinical follow-up. All hips were treated by 1 of 7 surgeons: 2 surgeons who always performing single-event surgery and 5 who always perform staged surgeries. Complications were stratified by the Modified Clavien-Dindo Classification (grades 1 to 5). The primary outcome was major complications (grade ≥3), while minor complications, readmissions, reoperations, and resource utilization outcomes were investigated secondarily.
Sixty-five patients met our inclusion criteria: 35 received single-event surgery and 30 received staged surgery. The staged group had a higher rate of major complications per patient (0.30 vs. 0; P=0.013). Unplanned readmissions and reoperations were likewise increased in the staged group. Minor complication rates were high in both groups, with no differences observed between staged and single-event approaches (3.27 per patient vs. 2.91; P=0.952). There were no complications causing permanent disability or death. The total length of stay (6.2 vs. 4.0 d; P<0.001) and mean nonsurgical operating room time (65.7 vs. 45.6 min; P<0.001) were increased in the staged group versus the single-event group.
The staged approach to bilateral hip reconstructions in the nonambulatory CP population was associated with a higher rate of major complications compared with a single-event approach. Minor complications were similar for both approaches. Both approaches can have an acceptable safety profile with no observed grade 4 or 5 complications.
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