This long-term consecutive, retrospective single-center cohort study evaluates long-term outcomes of single-event multilevel surgery in diplegic cerebral palsy with respect to functional status, gait, and patient satisfaction.
All patients with diplegic cerebral palsy who underwent single-event multilevel surgery >10 years previously were included. Retrospective gait assessment was performed using the Edinburgh Visual Gait Score (EVGS) and Gillette Functional Assessment Questionnaire Walking Scale (FAQWS) preoperatively and at midterm postoperative follow-up (median 2.6 y) and prospectively at most recent review [median 18 y, interquartile (IQ) range: 14.4 to 20.5 y]. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) was used prospectively to evaluate outcome compared with population norms for adults from the UK.
The complete assessment was possible in 26 of 39 patients who met the inclusion criteria. There was a statistically significant improvement at most recent follow-up compared with the preoperative assessment for EVGS and FAQWS [Wilcoxon Matched Pairs Signed Rank test −4.42 (P<0.0001) and 3.98 (P=0.0001), respectively]. The median Physical Health and Mental Health Component Summary scores for the SF-36 were 43.0 (IQ range: 32.8 to 46.8) and 55.3 (IQ range: 46.1 to 61.1), respectively.
This study demonstrates significant long-term improvements in function, independence and patient satisfaction that continue into adulthood. This will inform discussions with patients and families considering this treatment option.
Level of Evidence:
Level IV—Retrospective cohort study.