Background: Rod migration
into the spinal canal after posterior instrumented fusion is a rare complication causing late-onset neurological symptoms
. The purpose of the present study is to report a case of a 13-year-old boy with spastic cerebral palsy
and related neuromuscular kyphoscoliosis who developed late-onset neurological deterioration secondary to progressive implant migration into the spinal canal over a 5-year period.
A decision was made to remove both rods to achieve decompression. Intraoperative findings were consistent with information gained from preoperative imaging. The rods were found to have an intracanal trajectory at T9-T10 for the right rod and T12-L2 for the left rod.
The cause of implant migration, with progressive laminar erosion slow enough to generate a solid mass behind, was progressive kyphosis in a skeletally immature patient with neuromuscular compromise.
Fixation type, early surgery, and spasticity management contributed significantly to the presenting condition. Mechanical factors and timing of surgery played a decisive role in this particular presentation.
Level of Evidence:
Level IV--Case report and review of the literature.