The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiographic outcome of fixation of unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the knee after a minimum of 2 years of follow-up.
A total of 33 unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions in 30 patients underwent fixation using bioabsorbable pins through arthrotomy or under arthroscopy. The patients consisted of 23 males and 7 females, and the average age at the time of operation was 14.4 years (range, 11 to 17 y). The functional outcomes were evaluated using the Lysholm score and Hughston’s criteria at a mean follow-up of 3.3 years (range, 2.1 to 6.3 y). Healing of the osteochondritis dissecans lesions were confirmed by plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging.
The Lysholm score improved significantly at 3 months after the surgery, and was maintained until the final follow-up. Radiographically, 32 of 33 lesions healed after fixation of the lesion (healing rate was 97.0%). Healing was achieved at an average of 2.4 months on plain radiographs and 4.2 months on magnetic resonance imaging. According to Hughston’s criteria, 25 patients were graded as excellent, 4 as good, and 1 as poor at the final follow-up.
The fixation of the unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions with bioabsorbable pins demonstrated improved clinical outcomes and radiographic high healing rates at a mean of 3.3 years of follow-up. We advocate this procedure for patients with unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions of sufficient quality to enable fixation which will preserve the normal contour of the distal femur.
Level IV—retrospective case series.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Reprints: Nobuo Adachi, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.