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Propofol Sedation for Infants With Idiopathic Clubfoot Undergoing Percutaneous Tendoachilles Tenotomy

Iravani, Mohamad MD*; Chalabi, John MD*; Kim, Rachel BS; Ebramzadeh, Edward PhD; Zionts, Lewis E. MD

doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e318267037a

Objectives: To determine whether percutaneous tenotomy of the Achilles tendon in infants with idiopathic clubfeet can be safely performed under propofol sedation.

Background: Many orthopaedic surgeons prefer to do a tenotomy under general anesthesia. At our institution, we have been using 2 different methods of induction and maintenance of anesthesia: one method using combined propofol and sevoflurane and various types of airway management, and the other using only propofol with facemask.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of all patients less than 1 year of age with idiopathic clubfoot who underwent a percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy under anesthesia. Collected data included: chronological age, earlier apneic events, medical risk factors, time from operating room entry to surgery, and surgical-related and anesthesia-related complications.

Results: The study group comprised 114 patients who underwent 162 tenotomies. Sixty-five patients were in group 1 (sevoflurane/propofol) and 49 patients were in group 2 (propofol). The 2 groups did not differ with respect to sex, bilaterality, chronological age, number of preterm infants, ASA class, or associated risk factors. The average time from operating room entry to surgery was approximately 5 minutes longer with group 1, which included 14 cases taking longer than 20 minutes. However, there were no differences between the 2 groups with respect to postoperative complications.

Conclusions: Percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy in infants with idiopathic clubfeet may be safely performed under anesthesia. Propofol sedation was safe and effective without the need for airway instrumentation for this short procedure.

Level of Evidence: Level IV (retrospective).

*UCLA Department of Anesthesiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

The J. Vernon Luck Sr, MD Orthopaedic Research Center, Los Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA

None of the authors received financial support for this study.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Lewis E. Zionts, MD, Orthopaedic Hospital, 2400 South Flower Street, Los Angeles, CA 90007. E-mail:

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.