Selected Topics: Original ArticleAssessment of Children With Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy Using the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection InstrumentHuffman, G Russell MD, MPH*; Bagley, Anita M PhD§; James, Michelle A MD*†‡; Lerman, Joel A MD†‡; Rab, George MD†‡Author Information From the *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California; †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California, Sacramento, California; ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Davis, California; and §Motion Analysis Laboratory at Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California, Sacramento, California. Study conducted at the Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California, Sacramento, California. Dr. Rab's contribution to this study was supported by the Ben Ali Shriners Chair in Pediatric Orthopaedics. None of the other authors received financial support for this study. Reprints: Michelle A. James, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California, 2425 Stockton Blvd., Sacramento, CA 95817 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics: May-June 2005 - Volume 25 - Issue 3 - p 400-404 doi: 10.1097/01.bpo.0000151055.62356.1b Buy Metrics Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) measures differences in function between children with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) who are candidates for shoulder tendon surgery and age-matched controls. The PODCI was administered prospectively to 23 children with BPBP who were candidates for shoulder tendon surgery. Their results were compared with published PODCI data for control subjects, and factors associated with function within the BPBP cohort were determined. Children in the BPBP cohort had significantly lower PODCI scores in upper extremity function, sports, and global function than control subjects. Limited active shoulder external rotation was significantly associated with lower functional scores. The PODCI measures diminished upper extremity function in children with BPBP who are candidates for shoulder tendon surgery, thereby showing promise as a tool for measuring baseline function and postoperative functional gains for children with BPBP. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.