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School Sports Accidents: Analysis of Causes, Modes, and Frequencies

Kelm, J. M.D.*‡; Ahlhelm, F. M.D.*; Pape, D. M.D.*; Pitsch, W. Ph.D.; Engel, C. M.D.

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics: March-April 2001 - Volume 21 - Issue 2 - p 165-168

About 5% of all school children are seriously injured during physical education every year. Because of its influence on children's attitude toward sports and the economic aspects, an evaluation of causes and medical consequences is necessary. In this study, 213 school sports accidents were investigated. Besides diagnosis, the localization of injuries, as well as the duration of the sick leave were documented. Average age of injured students was 13 years. Most of the injured students blamed themselves for the accident. The most common injuries were sprains, contusions, and fractures. Main reasons for the accidents were faults in basic motion training. Playing soccer and basketball were the most frequent reasons for injuries. The upper extremity was more frequently involved than the lower extremity. Sports physicians and teachers should work out a program outlining the individual needs and capabilities of the injured students to reintegrate them into physical education.

Study conducted at Chirurgische Abteilung, Krankenhaus Neunkirchen/Saar, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Universität des Saarlandes, Germany

From *Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Homburg/Saar; †Olympiastützpunkt Rheinland-Pfalz/Saarland, Saarbrücken; and ‡Chirurgische Abteilung Krankenhaus Neunkirchen/Saar, Germany.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. med Jens Kelm, Orthopädische Universitätsklinik, D-66421 Homburg, Germany. E-mail:

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.