ArthrogryposisMedial-Approach Open Reduction of Hip Dislocation in Amyoplasia-Type ArthrogryposisSzöke, George M.D.; Staheli, Lynn T. M.D.; Jaffe, Kenneth M.D.; Hall, Judith G. M.D.*Author Information Department of Orthopedics, Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A., and *Department of Pediatrics, British Columbia's Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. L. T. Staheli, Children's Hospital and Medical Center, 4800 Sand Point Way N.E./CH-59, Seattle, WA 98105, U.S.A. This study was conducted at Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics: January-February 1996 - Volume 16 - Issue 1 - p 127-130 Buy Abstract Summary In 95 children with amyoplasia-type arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, 40 hip dislocations in 26 patients were found. In 16 of these 26 patients, bilateral (nine patients) and unilateral (seven patients) dislocations were reduced by a medial-approach open reduction. The mean age at the time of surgery was 8.9 months. Acetabular development was satisfactory. Complications included one early redislocation, two hips with stiffness, and four of 25 hips with avascular necrosis (types 1 and 2). Overall 80% (five of seven unilateral, 15 of 18 bilateral hips) were rated good and 12% fair, and 8% (one of seven unilateral, one of 18 bilateral) were poor. Stiffness or asymmetry was not observed in the nine bilateral cases. This study suggests that dislocations in infants with amyoplasia may be successfully reduced by medial-approach open reduction. Bilateral reduction and concurrent correction of other lower limb contractures may be accomplished during the same surgical session. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.