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Varus Deformity Following Lateral Humeral Condylar Fractures in Children

So Y. C. F.R.C.S.E.; Fang, D. F.R.C.S.E.; Orth, M. Ch.; Leong, J. C. Y. F.R.C.S., F.R.C.S.E.; Bong, S. C. F.R.C.S.E.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics: September-October 1985
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Lateral humeral condylar fractures are quite common in children. This article shows that varus deformity is a common sequela following such injuries. Twenty-four patients were studied, with a mean follow-up of 4.8 years. A loss of carrying angle, seen in 10 cases, occurred with comparable frequency in undisplaced (50%) and displaced (39%) fractures. The deformity was usually mild, averaging 10° in the undisplaced fractures and 9.6° in the displaced fractures treated with open reduction. We conclude that varus deformity is common in this injury, and occurs whether or not the fracture is displaced.

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