Aim of Study
The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as it relates to American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines during cardiac arrests in a pediatric emergency department at a quaternary children's hospital.
Background and Objectives
High-quality CPR increases the likelihood of survival from pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, optimal performance of high-quality CPR during transition of care between prehospital and pediatric emergency department providers is challenging, and survival without comorbidities remains extremely low for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
This was a retrospective study of data collected from a free-standing children's hospital emergency department and level 1 trauma center.
There were 23 pediatric CPR events for subjects younger than 18 years in the emergency department during the time of the study. Median chest compression (CC) fraction was 85% overall with the AHA goal of 80%. Compliance with this recommendation was achieved in all age groups. The CC rate averaged 112 for the entire sample. Median depth was 2.06 cm in subjects younger than 1 year, 3.95 cm in subjects 1 year old to younger than 8 years, and 5.33 cm in subjects 8 years old to younger than 18 years. These compression depth rates fell below the AHA recommendations, with the exception of those 8 years and older.
In our study, CC fraction and CC rate were found to meet AHA targets for all age groups, whereas CC depth only met AHA targets for the 8- to 18-year-old group. The most difficult parameter was CC depth for the group of subjects younger than 1 year.