Pulmonary embolism is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening event in children. There has been increasing awareness of pulmonary embolism in children with improved survival in children with systemic disease and advancements in diagnostic modalities. However, literature regarding pulmonary embolism in children is sparse, and thus current guidelines for management of pulmonary embolism in children are extrapolated from adult literature and remain controversial. This article reviews the background and pathophysiology of venous thromboembolism, as well as current diagnostic approach and recommended management of pulmonary embolism in children.
*Assistant Professor (Navanandan), Associate Professor and Director of Academic Affairs and Research (Mistry), Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and
†Assistant Professor (Stein), Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.
The authors, faculty, and staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity and their spouses/life partners (if any) have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial organizations relevant to this educational activity.
Reprints: Nidhya Navanandan, MD, 13123 E 16th Ave, Box 251, Aurora, CO 80045 (e-mail: Nidhya.Navanandan@childrenscolorado.org).