Pediatric stroke is relatively rare, with approximately 1000 childhood strokes in the United States per year. However, the occurrence of stroke in children leads to significant morbidity and mortality, warranting the development proven screening tools, protocols, and treatment options. Because significant delays in seeking medical attention can occur, time to recognition of pediatric stroke in the emergency department is uniquely challenging and critical. Once recognized, a trained multidisciplinary team with a multifaceted approach is needed to provide the best possible outcome for the patient. Key elements of the pediatric stroke protocol should include recognition tools, stroke alert mechanism, stroke order sets, timely imaging, laboratory evaluation, and treatment options. Substantial advancements have been made in the field of pediatric stroke protocols mainly due to formation of international consortiums and clinical trial. Despite significant progress, treatment options remain controversial.
*Fellows (McKinney, Magruder) and Professor (Abramo), Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical, Sciences/Arkansas Children's Hospital; and
†Section Chief (Abramo), Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Arkansas School of Medicine, Little Rock, AR.
Disclosure: The authors, faculty, and staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity and their spouses/life partners (if any) have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial organizations relevant to this educational activity.
Reprints: Shane M. McKinney, MD, MS, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences/Arkansas Children's Hospital, 1 Children's Way, Slot 512-16, Little Rock, AR 72202 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).