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Outcome of Pediatric Forearm Fracture Reductions Performed by Pediatric Emergency Medicine Providers Compared With Reductions Performed by Orthopedic Surgeons: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Milner, Donna, MD*; Krause, Ernest, BS; Hamre, Karen, PhD; Flood, Andrew, PhD

doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001152
Original Articles

Objective The aim of this study was to describe the outcome differences between board-certified orthopedists and pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians conducting forearm fracture reductions.

Methods We performed an analysis of patients between 1 and 14 years of age who presented to the emergency department (ED) with a forearm fracture requiring reduction. Data collected included reducing provider (PEM or orthopedist) and prereduction, postreduction, and follow-up fracture angles and displacements of both radius and ulna. We collected costs of care, both in the ED and at follow-up, as well as length-of-stay data. χ2 Tests and Fisher exact test compared associations between categorical variables; 2-sample t tests compared the PEM and orthopedic groups. Regression models were used to control for injury severity confounders.

Results Of the 222 fractures, orthopedists reduced 135, and PEM doctors reduced 87. Based on fracture angle and displacement, the orthopedic group tended to have slightly more complicated cases. After adjusting for age and time to follow-up, fractures reduced by orthopedists were less likely to require remanipulation (adjusted odds ratio, 0.30; P = 0.020). The PEM group had a significantly lower length of stay (59.4 minutes shorter; P < 0.001) and a small overall saving in charges ($273.90; P = 0.47).

Conclusions Orthopedists performed better in maintaining fracture reductions compared with PEM physicians but lengthened the ED stay for our patients. There was no significant difference in cost.

From the *Emergency Department and

Research and Sponsored Programs, Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, St Paul, MN.

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Donna Milner, MD, Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, 345 N Smith Ave, Emergency 70-504, St Paul, MN 55102 (e-mail:

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