Illustrative CasesCannabinoid Poisoning by Hemp Seed Oil in a ChildChinello, Matteo MD*; Scommegna, Salvatore MD†; Shardlow, Alison MD*; Mazzoli, Francesca MD†; De Giovanni, Nadia MD‡; Fucci, Nadia MD‡; Borgiani, Paola MD§; Ciccacci, Cinzia MD§; Locasciulli, Anna MD†; Calvani, Mauro MD† Author Information From the *University of Trieste, Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste; †Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Hematology, S. Camillo-Forlanini Hospital; ‡Legal Medicine Department, Public Health Institute, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart; and §Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Genetics Unit, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Matteo Chinello, MD, University of Trieste, via dell'Istria 65/1, 34137 Trieste, Italy (e-mail: [email protected]). Pediatric Emergency Care: May 2017 - Volume 33 - Issue 5 - p 344-345 doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000780 Buy Metrics Abstract We report a case of mild cannabinoid poisoning in a preschool child, after 3-week ingestion of hemp seed oil prescribed by his pediatrician to strengthen his immune system. The patient presented neurological symptoms that disappeared after intravenous hydration. A possible mild withdrawal syndrome was reported after discharge. The main metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol was detected in urine, and very low concentration of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol was detected in the ingested product. This is, as far as we know, the first report of cannabinoid poisoning after medical prescription of hemp seed oil in a preschool child. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.