Illustrative CasesManaging Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders in Emergency DepartmentsAl Sharif, Shafiqa MD; Ratnapalan, Savithiri MBBS, MEd, MRCP, FRCPC, FAAPAuthor Information From the *King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; and †The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Savithiri Ratnapalan, MBBS, MEd, MRCP, FRCPC, FAAP, Department of Pediatrics and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Division of Emergency Medicine, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada (e-mail: [email protected]). Pediatric Emergency Care: February 2016 - Volume 32 - Issue 2 - p 101-103 doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000705 Buy Metrics Abstract Taking care of children with autism spectrum disorders is not uncommon in emergency departments as they visit hospital for acute medical and psychiatric conditions. The current prevalence and increasing incidence of autism spectrum disorders will increase the demand for hospital and outpatient services for these children, necessitating education of health care professionals and system adaptations. This paper describes a patient with autism spectrum disorder who had some challenging behavior in the emergency department when he presented with anaphylaxis and discusses management strategies that would help in caring for children with autism spectrum disorders. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.