We aimed to identify the incidence, clinical features, management, and outcome of subdural hematomas (SHs) in infancy and childhood.
Twenty-one children younger than 11 years with SH were analyzed. Clinical features and possible child abuse were considered in each case.
Eight children experienced minor injuries due to hitting of solid items on their head. Five of these children also had coagulation disorders. Three of the children suffered from child abuse, only one of the children had head trauma due to car accident. Nine of the patients experienced SH due to fall down. Nine patients have acute SH, 7 had subacute SH, 4 had chronic SH, and 1 had acute and subacute SH together. Clinical presentation varied greatly. Most of them presented with vomiting and seizure. The outcome patterns were different among the patients. Deep coma on admission was associated with an unfavorable outcome.
Subdural hematoma is common in infancy and childhood and carries a poor prognosis. Most of the cases are due to head trauma, coagulation disorders, and child abuse. We believe that clinical investigation of such children should be carried out in a multidisciplinary approach with the collaboration of pediatricians, social workers, and neurosurgeons.