CME Review ArticlePharmacological Management of the Agitated Pediatric PatientAdimando, Andrea J. PMHNP-BC, MSN*†; Poncin, Yann B. MD‡§; Baum, Carl R. MD, FAAP, FACMT∥¶Author Information Family Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (Adimando), *Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital; Family Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (Adimando), †Yale Psychiatric Hospital; Attending Physician (Poncin), ‡Child Psychiatry, Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital; Assistant Professor (Poncin), §Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine; Attending Physician (Baum), ∥Pediatric Emergency Department, Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital; and Associate Professor (Baum), ¶Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Reprints: Carl R. Baum, MD, FAAP, FACMT, Pediatric Emergency Department, Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital; and Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (e-mail: email@example.com). Unless otherwise noted below, each faculty's and staff's spouse/life partner (if any) has nothing to disclose. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with or financial interests in any commercial companies that pertain to this educational activity. All staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interests in, any commercial companies pertaining to this educational activity. Pediatric Emergency Care: November 2010 - Volume 26 - Issue 11 - p 856-860 doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181f9dce4 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Children with behavioral or psychiatric complaints are often evaluated in pediatric emergency room settings, and may present as agitated or violent at any point during the evaluation process. Emergency department-based practitioners should be aware of risk factors associated with agitation and should be able to assess the agitated patient in a timely fashion. Management may require the use of pharmacological agents that can mitigate agitation safely and effectively, thus ensuring good outcomes for patients and emergency department staff. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.