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ABSTRACT 790: THE KNOWLEDGE AND SELF-EFFICACY OF FIRST AID ON UNINTENTIONAL INJURY IN PARENTS WITH YOUNG CHILDREN IN TAIWAN

Huang, L.C.1; Wei, Y.L.2; Chen, L.L.3; Peng, N.H.4

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: May 2014 - Volume 15 - Issue 4_suppl - p 177
doi: 10.1097/01.pcc.0000449516.53685.be
Abstracts of the 7th World Congress on Pediatric Critical Care
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1School of Nursing, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan 2nursing, Nantun public health center, Taichung, Taiwan 3School of nursing, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan 4Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Science and Techology, Taichung, Taiwan

Background and aims: According the statistics, the unintentional injury is the first cause of death in 1~14 year children.

Aims: The purpose of study was to explore the parents of children aged 0 to 4 on the home injury first aid of knowledge and self-efficacy.

Methods: The study is a cross-sectional study design. A total of 439 participants with purposive sampling were recruited at 8 public health community centers in a central district of Taiwan. The measurement is self developed questionnaire with 37 questions included knowledge and self-efficacy of first aid on burn, trauma, choking, poisoning and CPR. The study was approved by IRB of university.

Results: The mean score on parents’ knowledge of first aid was 72.1%, Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation had lower correction rates. The mean score of 100% certainty in parents’ self-efficacy of first aid was 26.6%. Subjects were least confident in dealing with choking. A significantly positive correlation was found between first aid knowledge and self efficacy (p<0.01). Critical predictive factors of self-efficacy included first aid knowledge, had attended first aid training, media information, health knowledge from medical personnel, had unintentional injury experiences. These variables explained as 29% of the variation.

Conclusions: Study suggests that the knowledge of children home injury first aid should aware by public and government. The first aid information provided by health personnel positively affects parents’ self-efficacy of first aid. Education related with chocking management and CPR are paramount important for parents’ with young children which would improve the first aid knowledge and the self-efficacy.

©2014The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies